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Background Image Paletero Francisco Solis pushes cart

Paletero Brings Mexican Summer Classic to Liberal Neighborhoods

Story by Alondra Trevizo
Photos by Amberley Taylor

The triple-digits of summer leave most people wanting one thing — ice cream. Rather than a large ice cream truck playing a loop of catchy tunes, Liberal has paleteros ringing two small bells on a push cart selling traditional Mexican ice cream and sorbet bars. 

They stop at parks, walk residential streets and business districts. Their presence is announced with a quick jingle of bells dangling from the cart’s handlebar. It doesn’t take much for veteran paletero, Francisco Solis, to get kids of all ages to run out to see what is in his cart.

On this summer day, Solis stops at a local tire shop and the jingling bells work like magic — three smiling kids run at full speed to greet the old paletero.

 “What can I get you?” Solis says, smiling back at the kids’ excitement. 

A young boy licks his lips and points to a picture of a lime-flavored bar pasted on the cart. “That one!” He claps his hands, excitedly grabs the popsicle and then dashes inside, leaving his father with the bill. 

The father smiles, remembering a time when he was the kid dashing off with the cold, sweet treat, leaving his own father behind to pay. Solis smiles at the father, remembering all of the times he bought this summer tradition for his own daughters back in Mexico. 

Sweet Traditions

Paleteros selling paleta — Mexican ice cream and sherbet bars — have been a staple in Liberal for years but their journey began across the border in the small town of Tucambo, Mexico. The 1940s was a time of economic prosperity in Mexico and because of this, ice cream bars made with fresh milk and fresh fruit found their way into the Mexico City market. The ice pops eventually migrated to the United States. 

It’s no surprise that these sweet treats landed in southwest Kansas. The 2010 census lists four towns — Liberal, Dodge City, Ulysses and Garden City — as having the largest Hispanic populations in the state of Kansas. Liberal is a “majority-minority” town, meaning that more than 60 percent of the population is Hispanic. This influence is evident in everything … right down to the selling of paleta.

Catalina Hernandez and her husband, Apolinar, opened the “Polar Paleteria” four years agoon the south side of Liberal. The small paleta shop sits among a strip of old stores that have seen better days. It’s easy to spot with the bright blue paint. Walk inside and you enter an ice cream world: The bells chime with the slightest push of the door. Images of frozen treats are plastered everywhere. Freezers are squeezed along the walls, surrounding the small desk in the middle of the shop.

The storefront is mainly a place to store the frozen treats. The majority of the selling is done by the paletero. Maria began with 15 paleteros, but now, only three remain. She explains that paleteros have come and gone due to the physical endurance that the job requires — long gruesome days of walking 15 miles in 90+ degree heat. Solis is one of the three paleteros who remain. He may be retired but he strives to stay busy and work.

Francisco Solis, the Paletero

Solis starts his day by stacking ice cream bars in the cart. He has the freedom to choose what flavors of ice cream he wants to sell. His most popular flavors are chili, chamoy, vanilla, and chicle. These flavors have been used to create many desserts that carry traditional flavors across borders. He also varies the offering with some mango, lime, coconut, pecan and cookies and cream.

Each fruit flavored ice cream bar sells for $1. Solis is given 20 cents for each bar he sells. He is given 70 cents for each ice cream cone and bubble gum flavored bar that he sells but today there’s not many to put in the cart.  

When he finishes packing, the total number is 150 bars. He hangs a small bag containing water and a soft drink on the handles of the worn-out cart and heads to the north side of town. He arches his back and huffs to get the 60-pound cart moving, never letting his fingers stray from the bells. 

He walks for several minutes with only the sound of the bells filling the air. To break up the monotony of the day, he discusses his life. It’s one of the best parts of his job — sharing stories with people and hearing their stories.

“I still remember the day I got to Liberal. I'm 64 years old and my daughters refuse to let me work. I hid from them!” he says laughing about their differing ideas of retirement. Back in Mexico, Solis was a Police Commander before retiring. “I came [here] with the intention of finding work and my girls wouldn't have it, so I hid until they left.”

He never wanted to feel useless. Serving and being a part of the community is in his DNA. Even though being a paletero is not an easy job, he takes pride in it. He checks on regular customers and watches out for the children. His customers also check on him, offering cold drinks to keep him hydrated. Selling paleta is all about relationships.

"Selling paleta is all about relationships."

'A Good Day'

As the 94-degree heat (and rising) takes its toll, Solis heads for the shade of a tree and leans against the cart. The 10-minute break leaves much to be desired but that doesn’t seem to slow down this paletero. The retiree takes off walking again, all the while telling stories of his life in Mexico as a policeman to anyone who will listen. He proudly states that he “never took a bribe. Not once!”

The stories are interrupted only by the demands of excited kids trying to choose what ice cream they want. He waits patiently for the little ones to decide, offering an opinion every now and then. 

The route Solis chose for today goes past a popular food truck. He stops, jingles the iconic bells and waits. 

A young man greets him warmly and says, “Nice to see you, let me get some money.” 

As Solis waits for the man’s return, he says, “These are good people. They always offer me food and drinks.”

The chef steps out of the truck and spends the next five minutes catching up with Solis and sharing stories. The young man returns and buys a stack of ice cream bars. Before the old paletero can leave, the young man hands him water, a soft drink and a $5 tip. 

He thanks him, waves goodbye and his fingers immediately return to the bells. He makes his way toward a water park in the center of town. An hour of walking passes and no customers are in sight, so Solis pushes the cart onto a residential street with a goal in mind. He is going to a regular customer’s house, hoping to make a sale. 

When he reaches the house, he jingles the bells and waits for a response. 

“I come here everyday and they always buy two or three ice cream bars,” he explains. “Last time, I was here they had no money but his girls were begging for an ice cream bar, so I said I would come back for the money another day.” 

He parks his cart under the shade and waits. When no one comes to greet him he grabs his cart, smiles and says, “Well, I guess they’re not home, maybe I’ll catch them tomorrow.”

His positive attitude never seems to waiver. Solis continues on his route for another hour with no sell. He makes his way back to the ice cream shop and pushes through the shop doors.

He takes the remaining ice cream bars out of the cart. As he counts what was leftover he tallies it up on a piece of paper. He sold 67 bars. 

The amount wasn’t what he hoped but he’s grateful that the lack of variety didn’t stop customers from buying or from visiting. After all, being a paletero is as much about the relationships as it is about the paleta.

Solis pushes the cart into a corner and takes a deep breath before falling into a chair. He looks around, nods and says to no one in particular, “Today was a good day!”

About Alondra Trevizo

Alondra Trevizo was born and raised in Liberal, Kansas. She earned a degree in Liberal Arts at Seward County Community College and is planning on transferring to the University of Kansas to major in Political Science.

About Amberley Taylor

Amberley Taylor is a sophomore at Seward County Community College, majoring in nursing. In her free time, she enjoys writing for the student newspaper, Crusader News.



Paletero Franscisco Solis with cartView
On average, the paleteros of Liberal walks around 20 miles a day, regardless of rain, snow, or shine. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Francisco Solis pushes paletero cartView
Liberal is a town with a strong Hispanic influence. This influence brought to town the ice cream shop industry. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
La Polar paletero cartView
The paletero, more commonly known as the “ice cream man,” walks the streets of Liberal pushing a small blue cart full of ice cream each and every day. Francisco Solis says he has routes established with loyal customers.
Man reaches into paleta cartView
Paleta carts are filled each morning with the ice cream and dry ice before the day begins. Francisco Solis squeezes in about 60 pounds worth of product. Photo by Amberley Taylor
Paletero takes money for paletaView
Liberal paleteros makes approximately $200 every two weeks. Their earnings are based off of what they sell. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Customer paying for paletaView
Each ice cream bar costs $1. This specific customer asked for one mango ice cream bar, but paid $5 and told the paletero, Francisco Solis, to “keep the change.” Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Customer buying mango paletaView
Each ice cream cart holds around 150 ice cream bars per day, with a variety of flavors available. This specific flavor is Mango. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Paleta cartView
“Polar Paleteria” opened in Liberal around four years ago and had around 15 paleteros working for them, but now, only three remain. The work is hot and requires a lot of walking. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Paletero Francisco SolisView
Francisco Solis spends the whole day in the heat, with only an occasional break, consisting of leaning up against the cart in the shade. Each paletero spends the whole work day on their feet. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Hand reaching for paletaView
Not only are the paletas rich in flavor, but they are also rich in history. Each frozen treat represents the flavors of Latin America culture. Paletas became popular in Mexico, quickly, then later made their way to the U.S. Photo by Amberley Taylor.
Alondra TrevizoView
Alondra Trevizo
Amberley TaylorView
Amberley Taylor


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